Rescue and participatory conservation of Creole goats in the agro-silvopastoral systems of the Mountains of Guerrero, Mexico

Autores/as

  • Samuel Vargas-López Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Puebla. Blvd. Forjadores de Puebla No. 205, Santiago Momoxpan, San Pedro Cholula, Puebla. México C.P. 72760
  • Angel Bustamante-González Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Puebla. Blvd. Forjadores de Puebla No. 205, Santiago Momoxpan, San Pedro Cholula, Puebla. México C.P. 72760
  • J. Efrén Ramírez-Bribiesca Programa de Ganadería. Posgrado en Recursos Genéticos y Productividad. Colegio de Postgraduados. Campus Montecillo. Km. 36.5 Carr. México-Texcoco. 56230 Texcoco. Edo. de México. México
  • Glafiro Torres-Hernández Programa de Ganadería. Posgrado en Recursos Genéticos y Productividad. Colegio de Postgraduados. Campus Montecillo. Km. 36.5 Carr. México-Texcoco. 56230 Texcoco. Edo. de México. México
  • Asamoah Larbi Don B. Huntley College of Agriculture California State University, Pomona 3801 West Temple Avenue Pomona, CA 91768
  • Jorge Alonso Maldonado-Jáquez Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP)- Campo Experimental La Laguna. Blvd. José Santos Valdez #1200 Pte. Col. Centro. Matamoros, Coahuila. C.P. 27440
  • Zenón Gerardo López-Tecpoyotl Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Puebla. Blvd. Forjadores de Puebla No. 205, Santiago Momoxpan, San Pedro Cholula, Puebla. México C.P. 72760

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48162/rev.39.074

Palabras clave:

Cabra pastoreña, cabra criolla, mosaico mixteco, rebaño sobresaliente, zonas caprinas

Resumen

The objective was to implement a participatory process involving rescue and conservation of Creole goats in agro-silvopastoral systems, as a development strategy for the indigenous and marginalized region of the Mountains of Guerrero (MG), Mexico. The study focused on the caprine agroecosystem, documenting aspects of goat development and identifying caprine areas in 13 municipalities, zoometrically characterizing 680 goats. One hundred and ten goat producers were interviewed for evaluating farmer perception of goat production. Fifty-seven producers were trained in holistic management, and four producers raised 300 goats in outstanding herds. Data were analyzed using social networks, principal component analysis and correspondence analysis. Two goat agroecosystems were identified: 1) agro-silvopastoralism, with crossbreeding of goat populations and, 2) traditional systems, involving grazing of Creole goats on native vegetation. We identified three types of goats: 1) Mixteco mosaic (61%), 2), Pastoreña (31.8%), and 3) Crossbreeds (7.2%), based on bicoastal diameter, chest depth, body length, thoracic perimeter, height at withers, shoulder point width and liveweight. Smallholder goat farmers in the MG preferred Creole goats for their greater productivity and better environmental adaptation.

Highlights:

  • Farmer-participatory programs to rescue and conserve the Creole goat breed.
  • Goats agro-silvopastoral systems with low resource smallholders.
  • Sustainable utilization of Creole goats.
  • Goat production systems in the Mexican Mountains.

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Publicado

04-07-2022

Cómo citar

Vargas-López, S., Bustamante-González , A., Ramírez-Bribiesca , J. E. ., Torres-Hernández , G., Larbi, A., Maldonado-Jáquez, J. A., & López-Tecpoyotl, Z. G. (2022). Rescue and participatory conservation of Creole goats in the agro-silvopastoral systems of the Mountains of Guerrero, Mexico. Revista De La Facultad De Ciencias Agrarias UNCuyo, 54(1), 153–162. https://doi.org/10.48162/rev.39.074

Número

Sección

Producción y sanidad animal

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