Effect of traffic with a light-weight tractor on physical properties of an Aridisol soil in Almeria, Spain

Autores/as

  • Guido Fernando Botta Universidad Nacional de Luján. Ruta 5 y Avenida Constitución. Luján. C. P. 6700. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina.
  • José Fernando Bienvenido Universidad de Almería. Ctra. Sacramento s/n. La Cañada de San Urbano. 04120. Almería. España.
  • Diogenes Luis Antille CSIRO Agriculture and Food. Black Mountain Science and Innovation Precinct. Clunies Ross Street. GPO Box 1700. Canberra ACT 2601. Australia
  • Ezequiel Ricardo David Rivero Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Agronomía. Ruta 35 - Km 334 Santa Rosa. C. P. 6300. Provincia de La Pampa. Argentina.
  • Enrique Ernesto Contessotto Universidad Nacional de Luján. Ruta 5 y Avenida Constitución. Luján. C. P. 6700. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina.
  • Diego Gabriel Ghelfi Universidad Nacional de Luján. Ruta 5 y Avenida Constitución. Luján. C. P. 6700. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina.
  • Ayelén Ileana Nistal Universidad Nacional de Luján. Ruta 5 y Avenida Constitución. Luján. C. P. 6700. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina.
  • Federico Matías Pelizzari Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Agronomía. Ruta 35 - Km 334 Santa Rosa. C. P. 6300. Provincia de La Pampa. Argentina.

Palabras clave:

capacidad portante del suelo, índice de cono, peso en el eje

Resumen

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of repeated traffic with a light-weight tractor on the physical/mechanical properties of an Aridisol soil from eastern Almería (Spain). The soil has been used for almond (Prunus amigdalus L.) production for the past 29 years. A light modal tractor (≈15 kN overall load) and different traffic frequencies or treatments; namely, 0 (control, no traffic), and 1, 5, 7, and 10 passes, respectively, were used. The following variables were measured: cone Index (CI); bulk density (BD); total soil porosity (TSP); water infiltration into soil (I), and ruth depth (RD). The results showed that, only treatments 7 and 10 led to significant increases in CI and BD throughout the soil profile (0-450 mm). Changes in TSP in those treatments were consistent with changes in soil bulk density. No significant differences in RD were found when the tractor passed 1 or 5 times. All traffic treatments resulted in significant compaction in the topsoil layer (0-150 mm) and soil physical conditions that would be regarded as unsuitable for establishment of most arable crops.

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Publicado

09-12-2019

Cómo citar

Botta, G. F. ., Bienvenido, J. F. ., Antille, D. L., Rivero, E. R. D. ., Contessotto, E. E. ., Ghelfi, D. G. ., Nistal, A. I. ., & Pelizzari, F. M. . (2019). Effect of traffic with a light-weight tractor on physical properties of an Aridisol soil in Almeria, Spain. Revista De La Facultad De Ciencias Agrarias UNCuyo, 51(2), 270–279. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.uncu.edu.ar/ojs3/index.php/RFCA/article/view/2695

Número

Sección

Recursos naturales y ambiente

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